Home Site Map Contact Us
Rapid Learning Member Login  
Rapid Learning Blog Rapid Learning on Facebook Rapid Learning on Youtube Rapid Learning on Twitter
 How to Learn in 24 Hours?

 Need Help?
M-F: 9am-5pm(PST):
Toll-Free: (877) RAPID-10
or 1-877-727-4310

24/7 Online Technical Support:
The Rapid Support Center

Secure Online Order:
Buy Now


 Got Questions?
Frequently Asked Questions
 Need Proof?
Testimonials by Our Users

Trustlink is a Better Business Bureau Program.
Rapid Learning Center is a fivr-star business.

External TrustLink Reviews

 Member Login:
User ID: 

 Rapid Learning Courses:

MCAT in 24 Hours (2021-22)

USMLE in 24 Hours (Boards)

Chemistry in 24 Hours

Biology in 24 Hours

Physics in 24 Hours

Mathematics in 24 Hours

Psychology in 24 Hours

SAT in 24 Hours

ACT in 24 Hours

AP in 24 Hours

CLEP in 24 Hours

DAT in 24 Hours (Dental)

OAT in 24 Hours (Optometry)

PCAT in 24 Hours (Pharmacy)

Nursing Entrance Exams

Certification in 24 Hours

eBook - Survival Kits

Audiobooks (MP3)

Have friends taking science and math courses too? Tell them about our rapid learning system.

Information and Heredity

Topic Review on "Title":

Genetic information is stored in DNA within the nucleus, in the format of chromosome.  This information needs to be replicated precisely and transmitted into next generation (heredity).  Genetic transmission from cell to cell is through mitosis, whereby DNA is replicated and chromosome duplicates and then segregates evenly into two daughter cells.  Genetic transmission from organism to next generation is through meiosis and gamete formation.  This transmission follows Mendel’s Law of segregation and Law of Independent Assortment. 

Majority of DNA exist in the format of chromosomes.  One chromosome contains one long linear DNA molecule which harbors many genes.  Chromosomes are visible under a microscope during mitosis.  The structure of a chromosome contains two telomeres which are related to DNA replication and senescence, one centromere which is critical for proper segregation.  Each species contain different number of chromosomes.

Mitosis is the process whereby a somatic cell divides into two daughter cells.  Prior to this process, DNA is already replicated, and chromosomes are duplicated, containing two sister chromatids.  Mitosis can be divided into prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.  Each phase has its distinct characteristics, and the final result is even segregation of one set of chromosome into daughter cells.  Mitosis is one phase of cell cycle, before and after mitosis the cell cycle contains G2 phase and G1, S phases. 

Meiosis is the process whereby gametes are produced.  The cell replicates DNA once and initiates two cell divisions, resulting in 4 1N gametes.  During the first division, homologous chromosomes pair and exchange genetic material, sister chromatids remain together, migrating to same pole.  During the second division, sister chromatids segregate and generating 1N gametes.

Law of Segregation
Mendel found out that during the gamete formation, the two alleles of one gene segregate independently without mixing with each other.  This is Mendel’s first Law, the Law of segregation. 

Law of Independent Assortment
Mendel’s second Law is the Law of independent assortment.  During the gamete formation, genes from different chromosomes assort independently and combine randomly.

Linkage and Recombination
There are exceptions for Mendel’s Laws.  Specifically, genes can be linked to each other if they reside on neighboring area of a chromosome.  When these genes segregate, they exhibit linkage and recombination, i.e., in some cases they segregate together while in other case they do not.  The chance by which that they segregate together is called recombination rate.

Rapid Study Kit for "Title":
Flash Movie Flash Game Flash Card
Core Concept Tutorial Problem Solving Drill Review Cheat Sheet

"Title" Tutorial Summary :
Genetic information is stored in DNA within the nucleus, in the format of chromosome.  Chromosomes are duplicated before transmission and segregate evenly into daughter cells via mitosis.  This process occurs to somatic cells.  To generate gametes for reproduction, the chromosomes are duplicated once and cell divides twice, resulting 4 1N gametes (meiosis). Genes segregate independently if they are located on different chromosomes, however, they may be also linked during segregation if they are on same chromosome within close distance (linkage).  These closely-linked loci can be recombined and the chance is depends on the recombination ratio.

Tutorial Features:
  • Concept map describing mitosis, meiosis and heredity.
  • Organization chart shows the steps of mitosis and meiosis.
  • Diagrammatic analysis of genetic problems and problem-solving skills.
  • Colored diagram to show linkage and recombination.

"Title" Topic List:


  • Classification
  • Structure
  • Number


  • Importance
  • Phases
  • Cell cycle


  • Importance
  • Phases

Mendel’s Laws

  • Concept
  • Law of Segregation
  • Law of Independent Assortment
  • Linkage and recombination

See all 24 lessons in College Biology, including concept tutorials, problem drills and cheat sheets:
Teach Yourself College Biology Visually in 24 Hours

© 2021 Rapid Learning Inc. All rights reserved         Disclaimer | Privacy Policy