Proportional to the average kinetic energy of the particles. The higher the temperature the faster the molecules move.
Temperature scale used in gas calculations. Has an absolute zero. °C + 273 = K
Force of gas molecules colliding with surfaces
Pressure due to the layers of air in the atmosphere
Standard Temperature and pressure:
1 atm (or anything it’s equal to) and 0°C (273 K)
Linear Expansion Coefficient (α):
Linear expansion of a material per °C increase in temperature.
Volume Expansion Coefficient (ß):
Volume expansion of a material per °C increase in temperature.
Energy is absorbed into the system from the surroundings.
Energy is released from the system into the surroundings.
Specific Heat Capacity (Cp):
Amount of energy that 1 gram of material can absorb before increasing in temperature. Cp for water: 4.18 J or 1.00 cal
Enthalpy of fusion (Lfus):
Energy needed to break enough intermolecular forces to change a solid into a liquid
Enthalpy of vaporization (Lvap):
Energy needed to break the intermolecular forces to change a liquid into a gas.
Two objects at different temperatures will come to the same temperature when placed together.